mining coal pillar

  • Coal is mined by two methods – surface or 'opencast ...

    There are two main methods of underground mining: room-and-pillar and longwall mining. In room-and-pillar mining, coal deposits are mined by cutting a network of 'rooms' into the coal seam and leaving behind 'pillars' of coal to support the roof of the mine.

  • MSHA Handbook Series - Mine Safety and Health ...

    rock bursts in underground coal mines. Each mine operator is required by 30 CFR 75.220 (a) (1) to develop and follow a roof control plan, approved by the Mine Safety and Health Administration (MSHA) District Manager, that is suitable to the prevailing geological conditions, and the mining system to be used at the mine.


    Coal is produced from underground mines using longwall or room-and-pillar mining technology. Longwall mining consists of developing the coal in rectangular blocks called "panels," using room-and-pillar mining equipment. Longwall panels are developed to maximize the recovery of coal and are up to 900 feet wide by 10,000 feet long.

  • Room and Pillar Mining - an overview | ScienceDirect Topics

    The coal pillar and the mining width are designed using the room and pillar mining method, and the optimum panel size is determined by the longwall panel layout—"longwall panel layout with local shortwall mining." It can reduce the waste of coal resources and also protect the surface structures.

  • Underground Coal

    Underground Coal Mining. Underground mining involves opening one or more portals or shafts into the earth that follow or intercept coal seams that are too deep for surface mining methods. Two main methods of underground mining are practiced in Pennsylvania: ... Room-and-Pillar: Generally used for seams that are relatively flat or gently dipping ...

  • Room and pillar mines, Mining Techniques, Underground ...

    The room and pillar system is used in mining coal, iron and copper ores mainly when found as manto or blanket sediments, stone and aggregates, talc, soda ash and potash. The key to the winning room and pillar mining is opting the optimum pillar size. If the pillars are so small the mine will fall down.

  • Room and Pillar Mining Method - SlideShare

    Oct 22, 2014 · Room and Pillar Mining Method 1. Hassan Z. Harraz [email protected] 2014- 2015 This material is intended for use in lectures, presentations and as handouts to students, and is provided in Power point format so as to allow customization for the individual needs of course instructors.

  • Coal mining - Wikipedia

    Room and pillar mining consists of coal deposits that are mined by cutting a network of rooms into the coal seam. Pillars of coal are left behind in order to keep up the roof. The pillars can make up to forty percent of the total coal in the seam, ...

  • Subsidence from Underground Mining: Environmental .

    after mining. SUBSIDENCE PRODUCED BY LONGWALL COAL MINING The mechanical aspects of the subsidence pro­ cess in flat-lying coal bearing rocks mined by longwall methods are reasonably well known, compared to room-and-pillar mining, and are documented abundantly in the literature. This knowledge may be summarized as follows.

  • Room And Pillar Mining – Ciner

    The Room and Pillar Method, also referred to as the Pillar and Stall Method, is one of the world's oldest mining systems. Dating beyond the 1840s, this method has been commonly used in mining coal, iron, and other base metals. In the 1970s, over 50% of coal mining in the United States used this method.

  • Room and pillar mining - Wikipedia